Arabic word Islam means peace, submission and obedience. The
religion of Islam is the complete acceptance of the teachings and
guidance of God as revealed to His Prophet Muhammad. A Muslim is one
who believes in God and strives for total reorganization of his life
according to His revealed guidance and the sayings of the Prophet.
He also works for building human society on the same basis. "Muhammadanism"
is a misnomer for Islam and offends its very spirit.
word 'Allah' is the proper name of God in Arabic. It is a unique
term because it has no plural or feminine gender.
About Basic Social Conduct
is not a new religion. It is, in essence, the same message and
guidance which Allah revealed to all Prophets:
we believe in Allah and that which has been revealed to us, and that
which was revealed to Abraham and
Ismael and Issac and Jacob and the tribes and that which was given
to Moses and Jesus and to other Prophets, from their Lord. We make
no distinction between any of them, and to Him we submit. (Qur'an
message which was revealed to Prophet Muhammad is Islam in its
comprehensive, complete and final form.
FIVE PILLARS OF ISLAM
are five pillars of Islam
The declaration of faith : To bear witness that there is none
worthy of worship except Allah, and that Muhammad is His messenger
to all human beings till the Day of Judgement. The Prophethood of
Muhammad obliges the Muslims to follow his exemplary life as a
Prayers : Daily prayers are offered five times a day as a duty
towards Allah. They strengthen and enliven the belief in Allah and
inspire man to a higher morality. They purify the heart and prevent
temptation towards wrong-doings and evils.
Fasting the month of Ramadhan : The Muslims during the month of
Ramadhan not only abstain from food drink and sexual intercourse
from dawn to sunset, but also from evil intentions and desires. It
teaches love, sincerity and devotion. It develops a sound social
conscience, patience, unselfishness and will-power.
Zakat : To pay annually 2.5% of one's net saving on which a year
has passed as a religious duty and purifying sum to be spent on
poorer sections of the community.
Pilgrimage to Makkah : It is to be performed once in a lifetime,
if one can afford it financially and physically.
these pillars every action which is done with the awareness that is
fulfills the will of Allah is also considered an act of worship.
enjoins faith in the Oneness and Sovereignty of Allah, which makes
man aware of the meaningfulness of the Universe and of his place on
it. This belief frees him from all fears and superstitions by making
him conscious of the presence of the Almighty Allah and of man's
obligations towards Him. This faith must be expressed and tested in
action. Faith alone is not enough. Belief in one God requires that
we look upon all humanity as one family under the universal
Omnipotence of God-the Creator and Nourisher of all. Islam rejects
the idea of a chosen people, making faith in God and good action the
only way to heaven. Thus, a direct relationship is established with
God, without any intercessor.
: THE FREE AGENT
is the highest creation of God. He is equipped with the highest of
potentialities. He is left relatively free in his will, action and
choice. God has shown him the right path, and the life of Prophet
Muhammad provides a perfect example. Man's success and salvation
lies in following both. Islam teaches the sanctity of the human
personality and confers equal rights upon all without any
distinction of race, sex or color.
law of God, enunciated in the Qur'an and exemplified in the life of
the prophet, it supreme in all cases. It applies equally to the
highest and the lowest, the prince and the peasant, the ruler and
Qur'an is the last revealed word of God and the basic source of
Islamic teachings and laws. The Qur'an deals with the bases of
creeds, morality, history of humanity, worship, knowledge, wisdom,
God-man relationship, and human relationship in all aspects.
Comprehensive teachings on which, can be built sound systems of
social justice, economics, politics, legislation, jurisprudence, law
and international relations, are important contents of the Holy
Muhammad himself was an unlettered man who could not read or write.
Yet, the Holy Qur'an was committed to memory and writing by his
followers, under his supervision, during the lifetime. The original
and complete text of the Qur'an is available to everybody in Arabic,
the language in which it was revealed. Translations of the meaning
into many languages are widely used. HADITH, the teachings, saying
and actions of Prophet Muhammad, meticulously reported and collected
by his devoted companions, explain and elaborate the Qur'anic
SOLUTION OF MODERN PROBLEMS
Brotherhood of Man : A major problem which modern man faces is
that of racism. The materially advanced nations can send man to the
moon but they cannot stop man from hating and fighting his fellow
man. Islam, over the last 1400 years, has shown in practice how
racism can be ended. Every year, during Hajj, the Islamic miracle of
real brotherhood of all races and nations can be seen in action.
Family : The family which is the basic unit of civilization is
disintegrating in all western countries. Islam's family system
brings into a fine equilibrium the rights of man, wife, children and
relatives. Islam nourishers human unselfishness, generosity and love
in a well-organized family system.
VIEW OF LIFE
beings live according to their view of life. The tragedy of secular
societies is that they fail to connect the different aspects of
life. The secular and the religious, the scientific and the
spiritual seem to be in conflict, Islam puts an end to this conflict
and brings harmony to man's vision of life.
further information about Islam, you can contact Islamic
associations around you. If you are in Japan, contact Japan
Islamic Center for Islamic literature in Japanese and detailed
explanations about anything to do with Islam. The Center is open on
all days except Friday and Sunday or national holidays. Please call,
write or fax.
: 03-3460-6169 FAX : 03-3460-6105